Sloped roofs are a popular choice in homes. They make rain and snow run off of the roof easier and many people like the way sloped roofs look. However, they do come with their disadvantages. For example, because slanted roofs allow snow and rain to run off of the roof easier it causes some problems like icicle buildup in winter. In addition, the snow that doesn’t come off on its own is difficult to remove. You usually need a roof rake or professional help or equipment to help you get the snow off. Slanted roofs are also dangerous to stand on if you need to repair them or get things like branches or snow off the roof.
Flat roofs are becoming more popular for both homeowners and business owners because of the benefits they offer. The first benefit is that it is safer to climb onto and work on than sloped roofs. Flat roofs are not entirely flat, in fact they purposely have a slight slope to them to help drain off water and snow, but they are much easier to stand on than roofs with dramatic slopes. This allows you to make repairs or maintenance more easily and safely than on a sloped roof.
Flat roofs may seem to have a big disadvantage with areas that get a lot of snow. Sloped roofs are supposed to have the advantage over flat roofs because they allow for so much run off, right? It’s true that flat roofs do not allow for as much run off as sloped roofs and can accumulate a lot of snow over time. However, flat roofs allow you to easily and safely climb onto the roof to remove the snow. It also eliminates the need for roof rakes or hiring people to help you clean off your roof.
Flat roofs also allow you to turn your roof into your own personal area. As long as it’s done properly, a flat roof can accommodate for gardens, a spot for sunbathing and more. A flat roof can also be a great spot to install solar panels as it can absorb sunlight throughout most of the day if it’s in an open area. Solar panels installed on sloped roofs do not have such a large window of time to collect sunlight because they’re usually facing one direction.
Whether the building is being used as a home or a place of business, a flat roof can give you many benefits that a sloped roof can’t provide.
Here is another installment to our roofing Do It Yourself (DIY) series. This time we discuss ways to repair a damaged roof flashing on your own:
Is your ceiling bulging or sporting ugly stains? Is water dripping onto your floor? It’s easy to know when you have a leak, but locating the source of the problem might be a bit more difficult. Once you’ve ruled out a leaking toilet or overflowing bathtub, it’s time to suspect your roof.
Head up to the attic or crawl space, position yourself in the general vicinity of the problem area and look for a wet spot in the roof. Although the leak itself is probably not in that exact location, the most likely culprit is the flashing closest to the problem area.
Flashing is made of aluminum or galvanized steel, and its purpose is to cover certain construction areas to keep them from leaking. On the roof, you will ordinarily find it in such areas as the valleys, the vents and the chimney. When flashing fails, it is normally because it has oxidized or, for some reason, come loose.
Replacement may not be necessary. You can plug pinholes with roofing cement, and holes up to ¾ inch respond well to patching. Clean the area and roughen with a wire brush, then cement into place a patch of the same material and cover with additional roofing cement.
The chimney is a common site for roof leaks, but the flashing may not be the problem. First, check the condition of the chimney itself. A damaged chimney can allow water to run under the flashing and, from there, through the roof. If this is the case, you’ll have to repair the chimney.
If chimney repair does not solve the problem, check the chimney’s cap flashing. If it has come loose, pull it gently away from the chimney and reattach with roofing cement. If the chimney’s base flashing needs replacing, lift the surrounding shingles and cement new chimney base flashing underneath. Seal all seams with roofing cement or silicone caulk.
Head Wall Flashing
If you’ve traced the leak to where the roof butts up against a vertical wall, you could have a problem with the head wall flashing. These repairs will entail dealing with the siding material on the adjoining wall as well as with the roofing material.
Lift the surrounding siding and roofing material gently away from the structure. Cut a piece of replacement flashing larger than you think necessary, apply roofing cement and slide the flashing under the roofing and siding. Chip out any old mortar and use masonry caulk to seal any joints. Use urethane roofing cement or silicone caulk to seal the seams.
Roof leaks are often traceable to plumbing, attic, furnace or air-conditioning vents. Before replacing the flashing, remove the roof shingles that cover the flange, then pry off the old flashing and remove nails. Push a new piece of vent pipe flashing into place and nail it near the edges. Replace all shingles, and cover all nail heads with roofing cement.
When roof valley flashing fails, some of the water might not make it all the way down to the gutter. To replace, gently pry up the surrounding shingles and spread roofing cement about six inches underneath. Slide the new flashing into place under the shingles.
When patching flashing, make certain that your patches are composed of the same material as that found in the original flashing. If replacement is necessary, be sure to get the right kind of flashing for the area under repair.
Fortunately, repairing roof flashing is more dangerous than difficult. If you have a fear of heights, however, it might be prudent to have your roof repaired by a qualified roofing company.
For Repair Estimates: http://www.roofing-directory.com/repair/
Slate is a highly durable stone that has been used in roofs for centuries, but was almost completely replaced by asphalt in the 20th century. Now seen primarily on churches, historical buildings and older homes, slate offers a natural, prestigious look and a long lifespan that appeal to many buyers. Slate roofing is also quite low maintenance and is invulnerable to fire, insects and rot. This material is relatively expensive, however, comes in a limited color range, and is extremely heavy. This material should be maintained only by a professional.
Natural slate roofs provide an elegant beauty that no other material can match. The natural variations in the slate tile create an appealing look from a distance that makes a slate-roofed building stand out from neighboring asphalt-roofed structures. Slate roofs are an excellent choice for vintage homes, ecologically-friendly structures and historical restorations. They complement brick and stone architecture well, but can be used on just about any kind of home.
Slate is an extremely durable, long-lasting roof material that is rivaled only by tile. Roofing tiles made from this stone absorb very little water, making them excellent at deflecting rain and avoiding frost damage. The average slate roof will last 100 to 150 years with correct installation and occasional maintenance. Many slate roofs have been in place for even longer, requiring only occasional re-flashing and tile replacement.
Roofs made of slate tiles also resist fire better than asphalt or similar roofing materials. They never rot or develop mildew and they are impervious to insect infestations, unlike cedar shakes and shingles. When treated with chemical sealants, slate roofs are also resistant to efflorescence, stains and moss or lichen growth, though some homeowners see these features of the natural aging process as desirable.
Installing a new slate roof can be relatively expensive, at between $10 and $40 per square foot, or about 10 times the cost of a similar asphalt shingle roof. Slate costs 1 1/2 to 4 times more than wood shakes or shingles, 3 to 4 times more than clay or concrete tile, and 2 to 3 times more than metal roofs, including copper. Its actual cost of ownership over the course of the roof’s lifetime is far lower, however, since most other materials need to be replaced frequently. Asphalt roofs must be redone entirely every 20 to 35 years, for instance.
The actual slate tiles can be secured to the roof using one of two ways. The most common technique is nailing with copper or stainless steel into a timber batten. It’s also possible to attach the slates to the roof using special hooks, which make no holes in the slate and produce fewer weak areas. This method provides better support in areas with severe weather conditions as the wind is less likely to blow the tiles off the roof. Hook fixing also makes it easier to put slate on unusually-shaped roofs, since it allows for smaller tiles, but this technique is somewhat more expensive than nailing.
One of the biggest drawbacks of slate roofing is its weight. This material can weigh 800 to 1,500 pounds for every 100 square feet. That means that it requires an extremely strong roof structure to support it effectively. Many modern homes must be reinforced to carry the extra weight before a new slate roof can be installed.
Another common disadvantage of slate is its relative fragility under pressure. This material can last for centuries, but breaks easily when walked on. If you install slate on your own roof, you may need to have basic maintenance performed by professionals who know how to walk on the tiles without damaging them. This can increase the difficulty and price of maintaining your slate roof.
Adding a new roof can increase property value, save money on heating bills, and improve a home’s appearance. In the Maryland area, roofing trends influence construction, with home-owners eager to stay on the cutting edge of architectural design.
Perhaps the most popular Maryland roofing trend right now is architectural roofing shingles, which are sometimes called laminated or dimensional shingles. They have revolutionized the roofing industry recently. Maryland home-owners have been quick to join the trend, using the architectural shingles to achieve dramatic three-dimensional appearances. Manufacturers make the shingles from a heavy fiberglass foundation and ceramic-coated mineral granules, with the combination tightly packed into water-resistant asphalt. The process produces shingles capable of mimicking the appearance of cedar, slate, or other natural products at only a fraction of the weight, meaning there’s no need for additional roof support. Yet architectural shingles are still thicker and more durable than traditional asphalt shingles, resulting in greater endurance, increased wind resistance, and longer warranties.
Architectural shingles feature random tab placements, encouraging unique, one-of-a-kind layouts that recreate a classic roofing style. Many Maryland residents favor dark green or terra cotta shades, using the shingles’ variable colors and textures to highlight distinctive roof properties like gables, turrets, and steep climbs. Architectural shingles may also come coated with copper or zinc granules to prevent algae growth, which can be a common problem in humid areas with extensive rainfall. If untreated, algae can cause black streaks to form on shingles, ruining the roof’s appearance.
Some Maryland homes have also joined the green roof trend in an effort to help the environment and to conserve energy. Often seen on high-rise buildings, green roofs utilize flowers and vegetation to lower heating costs and to cool the surrounding environment. Green roofs may either be extensive, which means they use thin layers of soil to form a lightweight roofing system, or intensive, a style featuring an abundance of lush greenery. A green roof, sometimes called an eco-roof, is essentially a rooftop garden and adds a touch of natural beauty to any structure, particularly when placed in urban environments. And aside from their charming appearance, green roofs can greatly reduce a home’s temperature in the hot summer months while also providing energy-saving insulation during harsh winters.
As with all such questions, the answer to how long a metal roof will last depends on a lot of varying factors. Manufacturer, gauge, type and quality of metal, environment, and maintenance will all go a long way in determining how long a metal roof will last. That said, a metal roof is distinguished by its durability. Copper and zinc, for instance, are known to last as much as 100 years without a lot of upkeep at all. Some of the metal roofing products of today are even designed for specific environmental concerns, which further encourages their long lifespans.
A correctly and adequately installed good quality metal roof that is properly maintained will not break down, split, burn or splinter like many non-metal roofing materials will. Correctly installed thin gauge metal roofing, with acrylic or polyester based paint, will typically last twenty to thirty years. Most modern metal roofing materials offer twenty-five to fifty year warranties. Some commercial and residential metal roofs made of copper, zinc, aluminum, stainless steel and modern blends often last 50 to 100 years and more. Theoretically, a well-maintained, very high quality metal roof can last indefinitely. There are copper, zinc and other high quality metal roofs in place today that have survived their installers by a hundred years.
Emergent technologies, like nanotechnology coatings, promise to further extend a metal roof’s longevity by lessening the strain on bolts and joints through temperature-provoked expansion and contraction. Metal roofing with specially designed PVDF polymer high-end metal paints are widely considered maintenance-free lifetime products within the industry.
While properly constructed and installed stainless steel, zinc, copper or other high-end roofing products will rarely require maintenance over their lifetime, there are usually maintenance steps that will extend the lifespan of lesser grades of metal roofing materials. Once the factory finish on the average utility panel wears off, corrosion will occur. Metal roof recoating with acrylic or polyester based paints help the roof stay elastic and resist the weather and temperature damage.
No matter the type of metal, an adequately manufactured and installed metal roof will survive long after most other roofing materials have gone to dust.
Few home repairs are as important as repairing a missing roof shingle. The roof, after all, keeps us out of the rain and snow, and it does so by acting as a unified system of several layers. The system works best when each layer is intact.
A missing shingle allows water to penetrate the wooden layers below. Even if things have not reached the point of breaking out the buckets because it’s raining indoors, moisture that gets past the shingles will quickly start to compromise the entire system. Wood and water are never a good mixture.
A torn shingle can cause similar problems, but it may not need replacement if it is in decent shape otherwise. Instead, apply roofing cement beneath the tear, press the shingle down into the cement and apply another bead of cement on top of the tear. That may be enough to hold things together.
If the shingle is missing or too far gone, it needs to be replaced. For that job, you will need a pry bar, a hammer and a utility knife. You will also need roofing nails and, unless this is a large-scale job that needs gallons of cement, a tube of roofing cement. Finally, you need a new shingle. If you do not have shingles left over from the original roofing job, your only option is to buy a bundle of new shingles that are the closest possible match.
When shingles are first installed, roofers work from the bottom up, nailing down one course at a time until they reach the peak. As a result, replacing a shingle starts from the top down.
Begin by sliding the pry bar under the row above the missing shingle and lift that upper shingle enough to loosen it. Loosen the next row above in the same way, since nails from that row go through the layer to be replaced.
Using the pry bar, remove the nails that are holding the damaged shingle in place. If the shingle is completely gone, remove the nails that would prevent you from sliding a new shingle into place. The goal is to install the new shingle directly onto the roof’s wood sheathing.
If the edges of adjacent shingles are ragged, use the utility knife to straighten those edges. Use the same tool to cut the replacement shingle to fit.
Next, add a bit of cement to the back of the new shingle and slide the shingle into place so that it goes beneath the two rows of shingles above. While holding the upper shingles away from the replacement, nail the shingle to the sheathing. It never hurts to apply a dab of cement to each of the new nails and to add some to the back of the new shingle along its bottom edge, so that it adheres to the row below.
The upper rows of shingles that were loosened can now be nailed down in their original positions. If the original nail holes were not used, cover each of those spots with a dab of cement.
Sometimes shingles are reluctant to lay flat after they have been raised. In that case, use cement where anything is curling and place a brick on any problem area overnight.
Repairing a missing shingle is relatively straightforward, but roof work can be dangerous. Take sensible precautions and avoid working when the roof is icy or wet and when the weather is especially windy.
Although metal roofing is more costly than asphalt shingle roofing, it is comparable in price to tile and cedar shake roofing. However, a correctly installed metal roof will last much longer than a tile or cedar shake roof. Metal roofing is less expensive than natural slate and copper roofing though, usually costing two to three times less than those materials.
The Value and Money Savings of Metal Roofing
While a metal roof may be more costly than an asphalt roof initially, it usually provides significant energy savings. The metal reflects sunlight, and many people have decreased their cooling costs alone by as much as 20 to 40 percent after installing a metal roof. Additionally, metal roofs provide dependable protection against weather damage for a home’s interior and may contribute to lowering insurance costs, and they do not require maintenance. The value of a home will increase considerably after installation of metal roofing as well, and homeowners generally recoup an average 85.9 percent of the cost of their metal roofs when they sell their homes. Most metal roofs have warranties of 30 to 50 years, which is an indication of their quality and expected long life.
Average Price of Metal Roof Materials
The average cost of a mid-grade metal roof is about $5.25 per square foot for the roofing material, while low-grade metal roofing costs around $1.35 per square foot, and some of the high-grade metal roofing materials average about $11.00 per square foot. Therefore, materials for a 2,500 square foot metal roof can cost from about $3,375 to $25,500 with an average of around $13,125. A larger roof of 5,000 square feet may cost about $6,750 for lower-grade metal roofing to $51,000 for the high-grade roofing with an average of about $26,250. A small 1,500 square foot roof can cost from around $1,965 to $15,300 with an average of $7,869. The costs of installation and removal of old roofing are not included in these figures.
Metal Roofing Materials
Metal roofing manufacturers make roofing materials in various styles and colors to suit the tastes of individual homeowners. Vertical seam panels, with ribs that run from the eaves to the ridges of the roofs, are available in steel, copper, aluminum, zinc or terne metal. They use the same materials to make modular press-formed, pre-painted panels that can resemble slate, tile, wood shake or conventional shingles. They may coat the press-formed panels with an acrylic coating containing embedded stone granules or form 26-gauge steel into tile, shake or shingle shapes. A traditional metal roof is a great value over time, and people who want roofs that closely resemble natural slate, cedar shakes, tile, shiplap siding and even asphalt shingles can achieve the look they want for their homes with metal roofing as well. In that way, they receive the advantages of metal roofing while keeping the appearance they prefer.
A Valuable Asset
Metal roofs make a good investment for people who plan to remain in their homes for a long time because they should eventually pay for themselves in various ways. The roofs will help lower the cost of energy and raise the value of their homes. Good quality metal roofs do not need maintenance and should last more than 50 years. They may also lower homeowner’s insurance premiums, and their attractiveness is an added bonus.
Repair or Replacement ESTIMATES – Metal Roofing
Depending on what needs to be done, the cost of roof repairs can vary from a few hundred dollars to several thousand dollars.
The average cost of a simple roof repair in the United States is about $600, but many factors must be taken into consideration to come up with a more accurate estimate of how much any particular roof job will cost.
The most common roof repair is the replacement of several damaged shingles to eliminate leaks. Replacing a few shingles is not as inexpensive at it may seen, however. Shingles are sold by the square, enough shingles to cover 100 square feet. These squares can cost $100 or more, and finding an exact match for a roof that has faded over time can be time consuming too.
Replacing damaged shingles also requires roofing nails, which cost about $65 per roll, and roofing cement, which often costs more than $20 a gallon.
With prices like theses, it is easy to see why contractors charge at least $250 for a small repair and often charge several hundred dollars more than that.
If a problem has existed for a while and the plywood underneath the shingles has been damaged, each sheet of plywood costs around $20 plus installation.
For roofs with several leaks, the most common way of fixing the problem is overlaying a complete layer of new shingles on top of the existing one. Taking into account the prices above, it is no surprise that contractors charge as much as $2 per square foot for new shingles installed over existing ones.
Other Roof Repairs
When a roof leaks in the valleys created where two or more different angled surfaces come together, it could be a failure of the flashing. Flashing is a piece of metal that covers inside angles so the exposed edges of the wood don’t take on water. When this fails, water can come in around the plywood and creates leaks inside the home.
The cost of replacing or resetting flashing depends on how much needs to be done. The materials are moderately priced, but the installation of them can be costly. In the case of flashing, a number of shingles have to be raised up or removed to place the new flashing, a tedious process that adds to the labor bill.
Labor usually costs between $45 and $75 per hour, depending on the region, and jobs with complicated angles or large areas that need repairing can take a full day or longer to complete. Chimneys, skylights and unusual roof lines can add to the complexity of a job and therefore cause labor costs to mount up.
In fact, leaks often develop around holes in a roof that have been cut for things like chimneys, skylights and vents.
In addition, when a storm causes roof damage, it often damages skylights too. Because installing a skylight requires a number of shingles and flashing pieces to be removed, this one simple task can cost $450 or more.
Problems Only Worsen
Because roof damage often causes leaking onto the plywood below the shingles, homes can be experiencing structural damage from roof problems long before leaks appear. That makes it very important to tackle roof repairs as soon as possible.
The exact cost of roof repairs also varies by region, by season and from one contractor to the next, and there can be as much as a 300 percent difference from one contractor to another.
It pays for homeowners who don’t plan to do their roof repair work themselves to choose a reputable, established roofing contractor they know they can trust.
Terra cotta roofing tiles are fashioned from clay and fired in special kilns to achieve a hardness that turns them into natural insulation. Terra cotta roofing tiles bring a Mediterranean look to your home. They date back to Roman times and provide excellent protection from the elements. Warmer climates where seasonal extremes are moderate favor this type of roofing. Colder regions require a better seal. Just as most Mediterranean countries enjoy benign climates, countries on this side of the world featuring warmer locales make good use of Terra cotta’s benefits.Regions of the U.S. where Terra cotta roofing tiles shine are those that see little or no snow. Terra cotta roofs tend toward moderately inclined pitches and facilitate runoff. The south and southwest are where Terra cotta roofing tiles make the biggest impact. Terra cotta roofing tiles are also good insulators having air pockets underneath that inhibit the passage of heat while helping to keep interiors relatively cool. Another advantage is that the tiles are heavy and resistant to high winds. The higher weight can also be a disadvantage for structures while Terra cotta’s higher costs suffer an additional disadvantage when compared to other roofing alternatives.
A profusion of Terra cotta roofs is a distinctive feature of many gracious destinations. California housing is a prime example of the charm Terra cotta roofing can convey. The early Spanish and Mexican missionaries used it to construct their missions and the public has made it a favorite ever since.
Caring for Terra Cotta roofing tiles
Cleaning and maintenance of Terra cotta roofing tiles play an important role in keeping roofs free of problems. Roofs should be inspected twice a year, usually in spring and fall following the harsher seasons. Maintenance should include the following:
- Sweep away leaves and twigs. Roofs of this type aren’t too steep and debris can accumulate.
- Fix cracks in the tiles. Tiles can be damaged by falling debris, earthquakes and human contact. There are special sealants that can correct this.
- Wash away accumulated dirt. A good washing with a pressure hose using hot water and mild soap can leave the roof as good as new.
- Clean unwelcome adherents thoroughly. Lichens, moss and grime can be tough to remove. A stiff-bristled brush plus hot water and mild soap will facilitate scrubbing and keep the tiles beautiful.
Relative cost of Terra Cotta roofing tiles
When compared to other roofing materials, Terra cotta is famous for its longevity. Terra cotta tiles cost more than other roofing materials but their long-lasting nature can make them a wise choice. Other roofing materials, with the exception of metal, can be subject to replacement with its attendant price tag.
Metal roofs are becoming increasingly popular as homeowners and builders make metal a plausible choice when working toward energy efficient homes. Although metal roofs work well in any part of the country, they are especially advantageous in wet and tropical areas. Florida and the Gulf Coast enjoy a climate where metal roofs come into their own thanks to high humidity. Metal roofs are also becoming popular in coastal areas where salt damage is common.To single out a common demographic where metal roofs excel, the deep south takes center stage. Metal roofs go back a long way and with technological advances in materials such as steel, copper and zinc, they remain traditional. Remodeling can emulate historical times while newer construction follows along the same lines. Commercial buildings will last longer with newer metal roofs, a plus in southern industrial areas.
Metal roofs are resistant to rain and mildew. Installed as large sheets they offer resistance to hurricane force winds, since shingles of any kind offer easy targets to the lifting force of high winds. Metal roofs can also be made corrosion-resistant in climates where rotting, dampness and salt damage are formidable enemies. That includes the northwest in the Washington and Oregon areas where dampness is extremely common.
Energy efficiency is a hallmark of metal roofs. They can reflect sunlight and keep interiors cooler. They can also keep heat from escaping when the weather turns cold. Steel has become the most popular material for metal roofs. In case you think metal presents a boring expanse on a roof, fabrication techniques can make the metal look like traditional asphalt shingle roofs. Special coatings have been developed to make metal roofs even more impervious to heat and radiation.
For all their practicality and energy efficiency, metal roofs have some drawbacks. The following provides some pros and cons:
- Metal roofs can be noisy in rainstorms although new techniques are able to provide a soundproofing layer underneath. Then again, some people actually like the sound of rain on a metal roof.
- Metal roofs require professional installation. They require extra preparation and many roofers find them hard to install. Of course, once in place, they are long-lasting.
- Installation tends to be more expensive than the standard practice of installing common roofing materials. However they never need to be replaced due to deterioration.
- Seams must be handled carefully to prevent seepage. With proper installation and maintenance they are permanently waterproof.
- The metal used is costlier than other materials. The installation should last as long as the building and once again replacement is unnecessary.
- Metal roofs can suffer dents. Nevertheless, any roof can suffer damage from large hailstones and falling objects.
Clay tile is one of the most durable and environmentally sustainable roofing options available. You can see how durable and long-lasting clay tile roofs are by looking at the Coliseum in Rome; the original clay roofing tiles are still in place over 2,000 years after being installed. The main market for tile roofs in the US is in the west; mainly California, Arizona, and Texas where Italian and Spanish architecture is prevalent. Recently there has been an increasing demand for clay tile roofs in the Northeast.
When a clay roof is designed and installed properly, it is considered permanent and is expected to last 100 years or more. Other roofing products such as asphalt or wood have to be replaced up to five times as often as clay tile. Clay tile roofs have a higher initial cost, but when you average replacement costs over the lifetime of a roof, they are actually less expensive. They also offer a safety advantage because they are virtually fireproof.
Clay roofing tiles are also energy efficient. Having clay as the material on your roof creates a thermal barrier. It lowers temperatures on the roof and prevents heat transfer into the living areas of the house in the summer. It also keeps heat from escaping in the winter. Lighter colored clay tiles reflect the sun, which keeps heat from absorbing into the interior of the house in summer. As a result of this, energy costs are reduced for both cooling and heating.
Clay tiles are one of the most environmentally friendly roofing materials. Because clay is a naturally occurring material it does not deplete natural resources such as wood. There are no harmful chemicals or preservatives used in the manufacturing of clay tiles. It is also recyclable. Removed clay tiles can be salvaged and used on other roofs, or it can be crushed for other purposed such as sub-layers for roads.
Another advantage of clay tiles is appearance. They bring character and warmth to the appearance of a building and enhance curb appeal. There are a large variety of colors, glazes and finishes available. Two methods are used for achieving color on clay tiles. One is to mix the color in with the clay itself, which provides a slight variation in color from tile to tile. Another method is to apply a surface glaze, which will result in more uniform-looking color. There are also methods to artificially age the tiles so they can blend in to restoration projects or historic buildings.
Overall, clay tile is a good choice if you are considering environmental issues, energy costs, safety or appearance. It will not deplete natural resources or take up space in landfills. It is a natural product with lower costs when calculated over the lifetime of the roof.
A great deal of responsibility comes with the title of being a homeowner. Following are three home improvement projects that should be at the top of your list:
1. Have ample dining space in your home.
A recent article offered tips on ways to bring dining back to the kitchen. Even if your home does not allow you to have a separate dining room, there are still several ways to incorporate an area to gather with your family and friends during meals. Peninsulas and free standing islands are great places to incorporate bar stools for a casual seating environment. If your kitchen has a nook or a bay window, a booth may be the best way to use the space. A savvy kitchen remodeling contractor will help you come up with the best solution for your space.
2. Install replacement windows.
If the windows in your home are old, you could be losing money every day. Outdated windows allow your air conditioning and heat to easily escape, causing your heating and air bills to be much higher than necessary. Replacement windows are much more energy efficient. And, if you are planning on selling your home in the near future, new windows will be a huge selling point for potential buyers.
3. Take care of necessary roof repairs, or have the entire roof replaced.
The roof is an extremely important home detail, yet many homeowners often neglect to take care of it properly. A roof is what protects your family and your home from the elements, so regular roof repair is an essential duty of homeowners. Promptly take care of leaks, warping or damage. Also, educate yourself about the roof replacement process. Most roofs typically last around 30 years, so make sure that yours is in peak condition.
Residents in the Mid-Atlantic area know how all about the bipolar weather. In 2009 and 2010, the region suffered one of the worst snowstorms in decades, and the overall snowfall in most of the region was over 3 feet. However, not four months later, the Mid-Atlantic States started to feel the onset of one of the hottest summers in quite a while. Not only did the summer bring heat – it brought some violent thunderstorms through the area as well. Some of the Mid-Atlantic areas that are affected by the constantly changing weather include Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Delaware and the District of Columbia.
The severity of the weather did a lot of damage to the area. Not only did the heavy snowfall basically shut down the region for days, the snow on top of homes and businesses caused damage to buildings and their roofs. That amount of snowfall can damage not only the roof, but also the foundation of the building. Once that is compromised, the price of repair just skyrocketed.
Once the dog days of summer hit, so did the thunderstorms. One precaution that should be taken before the stormy months is to have your gutters cleared of debris. A few storms have also been very violent, knocking out power for hundreds of thousands of people in the DC metro area, as well as elsewhere in the Mid-Atlantic. The staggering amounts of rainfall and even hail can cause small cracks and abrasions to occur in a building’s roof. If the problem is not properly fixed, or goes unnoticed for months, serious damage can take place on the roof and also to the foundation of the home. After such storms, it is important to take a look at your roof to check for loose shingles and visible signs of wear. Caught early, the roof can be protected very cheaply. Otherwise, the costs could pile up very quickly.
Sometimes you don’t need a new roof, but you do need some repairs. Shingles get torn off or damaged from rain an wind. Ice or even high heat and beating sunshine can damage roofs. Letting your roof go without maintenance is dangerous for your home, but it’s also dangerous for your wallet. Ignore repairs long enough, and you’ll need a full roof replacement much sooner that you would otherwise.
The average cost of shingle repair job is around $1,500, depending on the extent of the damage. Shingles are sold by the square, which is 100 square feet. Shingles generally cost between $100 and $300 per square. Of course you’ll want to use the same shingles you already have, so the more expensive your roof, the more expensive the repair will be.
With a shingle repair, you’re paying for the materials as well as the labor cost. The greater the area that needs repair, the higher the cost will be. In general, you’re looking at an average repair cost of $1,500, give or take a few hundred dollars. Different contractors can have very different prices, so it’s best to shop around to find the best price. Be sure to get estimates from a handful of companies before you decide on one.
When the time comes for a new roof, your first question is probably about costs. You want to be sure you’re getting a good deal. So how much does a new composite roof actually cost?
A lot of factors contribute to the cost of a new roof. The quality of the shingles being used, the steepness of your roof, and your location in the country can all affect the final cost.
On average, composite roofing materials can cost between $100 to $300 per square (100 square feet). An average roof may use about 20 squares of roofing materials, meaning a materials cost of $2,000 to $6,000 for a 2,000 square foot roof. Labor cost may also include stripping away the old roof and disposing of the old materials.
The average cost of a new composite roof varies depending on the region of the county. In the southeast and Midwest, roofs are usually less than $10,000. Higher quality roofing materials, such as hurricane resistant roofs in the southeast can cost a little more.
New composite roofs in the Northeast and West Coast can cost more, averaging $15,000, give or take a few thousand.
Different contractors can have drastically different prices, so it’s best to shop around and find the best one. Be sure to get several estimates from different roofing companies to ensure you’re getting the best deal possible.
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When you need roof repairs fast, you don’t always have time to carefully review multiple estimates and take your time choosing a contractor. You need to know you’re getting a good value without compromising on quality. How do you go about choosing between estimates when you’re short on time?
Assessing estimates quickly isn’t very hard, but you don’t want to just jump at the lowest price, especially if it is drastically lower than the others. A price that is dramatically lower than its competitors could be cause for suspicion. However, you do want to make sure you’re getting the best deal possible.
The best thing to do is to look over the references and choose the company that you feel most comfortable with. A good contractor will have a good attitude and be willing to work with you to meet your needs for a fair price. Avoid contractors who seem disinterested or unwilling to give you the information you require to make your decision. A good contractor will be more than willing to give you multiple references and examples of previously completed projects.
Ask your prospective contractors for references, and call them. Speak with previous clients and ask, “Would you hire this contractor again?” That’s the quickest way to get an idea of a company’s credibility. If the previous clients seem happy and satisfied, then you can reasonably expect that your experience will be a good one.
No matter how desperately your roof needs repair, you can’t take chances with bad contractors. Make sure the contractors are licensed and have good reputations. The experiences of previous clients is the best indication of your potential satisfaction.
When your roof needs repairing, you want to be sure to get the best value for your money with the least amount of hassle. When entering into any roof repair project, there are three essential factors that will help ensure that you have a positive experience.
1. Find a reputable roofing contractor committed to quality.
Do your homework. Check references to ensure that your contractor has the experience and the dependability to make your project a success. Ask to see examples of previously completed projects in your area, and speak with the previous clients. You want to be sure that your contractor will live up to your expectations. Most problems in a roof repair project can be avoided with a good contractor.
2. Obtain multiple estimates.
It’s important to shop around to determine what constitutes a fair price for your project. Obtaining multiple estimates is how you’re going to find the best deal. Contact three companies at an absolute minimum. Once you’ve checked the references and are sure that your prospective contractors are reputable, you’ll be able to choose the best deal. Knowing all your options is going to help you feel confident and satisfied when you make your decision.
3. Know the game.
Knowing what to expect during the course of your project is the biggest factor that will lead to positive experience with your roof repair. Educate yourself on the process. This is the best way to avoid getting taken advantage of. For example, it’s well known in the roofing industry that you should not pay for the job until it has been finished. A contractor that requires money up front is questionable. Also, expect that your roof repair contractor be able to provide a time frame in which the work will be completed. These and other facts are important to know before beginning. The more knowledge you have about the process, the better your experience will be.
Welcome to Our Updated 2013 Edition on the Average Cost of a New Roof
Would you like to know the average cost of a new roof in your zipcode? We have the tools to help! Use the instant roofing cost calculator below. Now you can know what to expect before the estimates come in! For facts and actual data figures for the next upcoming year, continue to read below.
2013 Data / Figures on the Average Roof Cost
When it’s time to replace your roof, the first question you’re probably going to have is, “How much is this going to cost?” There are a lot of factors that affect the final cost of your project. The size of your roof, the height and pitch of your roof, and the cost of materials are all factored into the bill. So what does an average asphalt shingle roof cost? Believe it or not, where you live has a lot to do with it.
Where you live can have a big effect on the price of your roof replacement project. The national average for a 3,000 square foot asphalt shingle roof is roughly $11,500. The actual cost varies. Like anything, urban areas are generally more expensive than rural areas.
The average cost of a roof in New York, for example is close to $15,000. The same roof replacement in Georgia or the deep south will probably cost less than $9,000. The Midwest is also less expensive. Homeowners in Wichita, Kansas pay an average of $10,000. The west coast is just as expensive as the east, with homeowners in Los Angeles paying about the same as homeowners in New York.
Even within the same general region of the country, prices vary drastically. The average cost of a new roof in the Carolinas hovers around $7,000 while Atlanta homeowners pay around $10,000.
While these averages are a guide to know what to expect, keep in mind that actual prices may vary greatly.
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The Average Cost of Replacing Your Home’s Roof with the Following Types of Materials: Slate, Asphalt, Composite, Metal
Determining the average cost of replacing a roof is difficult because there are many issues involved in the process. Some of the factors include:
· Roof slope
· Number of angles
· Obstacles like chimneys, skylights and jutting windows
· Roof type
· Grade of roofing material
· Whether you also replace insulation
· Cost of labor
The cost of labor depends on various factors as well. Labor is cheaper per square foot for larger roofs than it is for smaller roofs. Costs are higher for steep or high roofs because roofers need to use extra caution as they work. If the project involves removing the old roof, additional structural work or extra framing, the price will be higher, and the location of the home also makes a difference.
When you research roofing prices, you will see that most companies list the cost per square of roofing material. One square of roofing usually covers 100 square feet of a roof. Most contractors allow for the normal waste involved in roofing projects and add 10 percent to the size of the roof when they determine the amount of materials needed to replace it.
Average Cost of a New Slate Roof
Properly constructed slate roofs can last well over 100 years. The tiles are fireproof, environmentally friendly and beautiful as well.
Average prices for a 1200 square foot slate roof:
Materials – from $7,140 to $8,106 for basic materials, $7,968 to $9,072 for better quality materials and $8,934 to $9,900 for the best materials
Installation – from $1,356 to $2,165 for good quality work, $2,042 to $2,831 for better quality and $2,691 to 3,722 for custom quality work
Total materials and labor – $8,496 to $10,271 for a basic roof, $10,010 to $11,903 for a better roof and $11,625 to $13,622 for the best slate roof
Total average price per square foot – $7.82 for basic materials and labor, $9.13 for better quality and $10.52 for the best materials and custom installation
The Average Cost of an Asphalt Roof
Asphalt shingles are less expensive than are other roofing materials, and the quality of shingles you choose determines their price.
Average prices for a 1200 square foot asphalt shingle roof:
Materials – from $672 to $1,214 for basic materials, $1,136 to $1,756 for better quality materials and $1,678 to $2,220 for the best materials
Installation – from $679 to $1,269 for good quality work, $1,151 to $1,833 for better quality and $1,690 to 2,604 for custom quality work
Total materials and labor – $1,351 to $2,483 for a basic roof, $2,288 to $3,588 for a better roof and $3,368 to $4,824 for the best asphalt roof
Total average price per square foot – $1.60 for basic materials and labor, $2.45 for better quality and $3.41 for the best materials and custom installation
Average Cost of a New Composite Roof
Composite roofs are versatile, long lasting and durable. Most manufacturers provide warranties of 30 to 50 years for them.
Average prices for a 1200 square foot composite roof:
Materials – from $672 to $1,298 for basic materials, $1,208 to $1,924 for better quality materials and $1,834 to $2,460 for the best materials
Installation – from $679 to $1,269 for good quality work, $1,151 to $1,833 for better quality and $1,690 to 2,604 for custom quality work
Total materials and labor – $1,351 to $2,567 for a basic roof, $2,360 to $3,756 for a better roof and $3,524 to $5,064 for the best composite roof
Total average price per square foot – $1.63 for basic materials and labor, $2.55 for better quality and $3.58 for the best materials and custom installation
Average Cost of New Metal Roofing
Metal roofs usually have warranties of 30 to 50 years and can last more than 75 years. They are energy efficient, durable and virtually maintenance free.
Average prices for a 1200 square foot metal roof:
Materials – from $5,100 to $5,604 for basic materials, $5,532 to $6,108 for better quality materials and $6,036 to $6,540 for the best materials
Installation – from $637 to $1,015 for good quality work, $959 to $1,326 for better quality and $1,261 to 1,741 for custom quality work
Total materials and labor – $5,737 to $6,619 for a basic roof, $6,491 to $7,434 for a better roof and $7,297 to $8,281 for the best metal roof
Total average price per square foot – $5.15 for basic materials and labor, $5.80 for better quality and $6.49 for the best materials and custom installation
Depending on where you live, you may have additional costs for permits, licenses or special requirements like hurricane-proofing as well.
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In sunny Southern California, homeowners can get away with more low cost roof repairs and less roof replacements. The reason? It’s the weather. Southern California is home to some of the most mild weather in the country. Sunny skies and 80 degree temperatures nearly year-round means little damage to your roof. A popular roofing choice in Southern California is tile. Tile roofs usually cost $6-8 a square foot and can last indefinitely under proper conditions. In a wetter and colder climate, tile might break and leak due to ice and storms. In Southern California, the warm weather and lack of ice means a tile roof can last a lifetime without being completely replaced. Different things can cause tiles to break or other problems to occur with a roof, so repairs may be necessary at times. On the whole, however, homeowners in Southern California can have roofs that last much longer than in the rest of the country.
While asphalt shingles are cheaper than tile, they need to be replaced more often. In Southern California it makes more sense to invest in tile, that way the roof will last much longer. In the rest of the country, tile roofs tend to need replacing after 20 or 30 years, but in warm and dry regions like Southern California, they can last much longer. This is why homeowners in Southern California get away with more low cost roof repairs and less roof replacements.
Homeowners in the Midwest have to replace their roofs much more frequently than everyone else. Extreme weather is really the biggest reason for this. Far from the climate-calming oceans, the Midwest generally has much colder winters than the rest of the country. Harsh temperatures, heavy blizzards and ice will put a lot of strain on roofs. Winter in Nebraska, for example, can get as cold as 40 degrees below 0, while summer temperatures can reach 100. Hail storms in the Midwest can create icy projectiles as large as baseballs, a phenomenon rarely experienced elsewhere in the US. All that ice beating down on a roof really doesn’t help it’s longevity. Let’s not forget that all that flat land breeds hundreds of tornadoes every Spring, which can rip a Kansas or Missouri roof to shreds. Thanks to Mother Nature, Midwestern roofs have the shortest life span. The unforgiving weather of this region makes a good, sturdy roof all the more important. All the weight of snow and ice sitting on your roof for days and weeks can get dangerous if your roof isn’t in top condition. Repairs only go so far, and a full replacement will be needed every so often to ensure the safety of your home. It’s good to have a nice strong roof over your head when a 5 foot snowfall is on its way. The good news for Midwestern homeowners is that roof replacements in the Midwest generally cost less than they do everywhere else.
Quality roofing is important no matter where you live, but in the Pacific NorthWest, the style and quality of your roofing material is especially important given the heavy precipitation and moisture from roofing in Oregon up through British Columbia. Because frequent roof repair and internal water damage can cost hundreds of thousands of dollars, it pays to do research upfront to avoid any unexpected financial outlays on the backend.
Cedar and Redwood Shake Are Still Popular in the Pacific NorthWest
Cedar and redwood are two of the most common roofing materials in this region for a variety of reasons. Both types of wood are relatively abundant (owing to the numerous forests in the area), attractive, and durable, with some roofs lasting as long as fifty years. However, even with water-resistant treatment, these roofing materials are prone to rotting, moss, and algae, making maintenance and upkeep time-consuming and costly. Any homeowner interested in cedar or redwood shake must weigh the benefits of a rustic, natural-looking roof against the time and energy necessary to maintain that look.
Composite Roofing Materials in the Pacific NorthWest
Thanks to recent advances in synthetic roofing materials, composite roofing is actually more popular than organic shake. Designer shingles offer the look and feel of wood, ceramic, slate, and metal, but at a fraction of the cost. In addition, composite shingles offer a roof in Washington to BC additional protection since the material tends to be waterproof, heat resistant, and extra durable. However, again, homeowners must weigh the costs and benefits of composite materials. Future buyers often expect their roofs to have a natural, wood finish. If you plan on selling your home in the next several years, it is possible that a cedar roof can fetch you a higher price. On the other hand, if you intend to live in the same house for many years to come, composite roofing materials might be a better option.
Haider Construction • Roofing Products • Dec 31, 1969 • http://www.haiderconstruction.com/ • http://www.haiderconstruction.com/roofingproducts.html • NA
Metroplex Roofing • Roofing Materials and Roof Structure • Jun 07, 2006 • http://www.metroplexroofing.com • http://www.metroplexroofing.com/roofing_materials.htm • 2004 Metroplex Roofing, Inc.
Like any other home modifications, roof replacement is an investment with numerous upfront and back-end costs. Besides the obvious cash that you must shell out, you must also consider the time and labor required (yes, these are costs). If you want to earn the highest possible return on this investment, you must factor in all three aspects of roof replacement prior to making any commitments.
Roof Replacement Material
Probably the single greatest expense is the actual material used. Typically, asphalt is the most affordable roofing material, costing anywhere from $50 to $150 per 100 square feet. Next up are metal, wood or concrete tiles (starting at $100 per 100 square feet). And at the upper end are ceramic, clay, and slate tiles that can cost anywhere from $300 to $600 per square 100 feet.
Roof Replacement Labor
Although replacing your roof on your own is probably the cheapest alternative monetarily, a professional contractor can save you energy and time; both of which have economic value. Unless you are extremely competent in roof replacement techniques, consider hiring someone else to do the job. It is important that you research contractors and ask for written estimates upfront, but the benefits of outsourcing the labor usually outweigh the financial costs of paying professional fees. Understand, however, that if existing tiles must be removed before new tiles can be installed, this will add to the overall cost, regardless of who handles the installation.
Durable Roof Replacement
As mentioned before, there are backend costs associated with roof replacement. Will your roof last for ten years? Twenty? Fifty? Obviously, the better the materials and craftsmanship, the less often you will have to pay for roof replacement. So even though a professional contractor installing slate shingles might be more expensive than if you installed your own asphalt shingles, you must factor in the lifetime value of any renovations.
BobVila.com • Roofing Materials • Jun 02, 2009 • http://www.bobvila.com • http://www.bobvila.com/HowTo_Library/Roofing_Materials-Miscellaneous_Roofing_Topics-A1937.html • 2009 BobVila.com
Roofing Trends in the Northeast
Northeast slate was once a traditional roofing material for homes and civic buildings. While it’s beautiful, long-lasting and great for ice and snow, slate is also extremely expensive — as much as $1,000 per hundred square feet. Roofing in Massachusetts and Connecticut roofing used to see much of this.
Today composite asphalt shingles are king when it comes to replacement roofing materials. About 90 percent of homes nationwide use composite shingles. They come in a wide range of colors, styles and with different levels of quality and types of warranties.
But composite roofing is far from the only choice. And because it is so common, you can easily set your home apart by using a different, more unique roofing choice.
Wood Shake and Wood Shingles
Decay resistant cedar is a common choice for wood shake and wood shingle roofing. You can count on wood roofing to last 20 to 25 years (however, you’ll find those who say cedar can last much longer); cedar roofing costs between $70 and $170 per hundred square feet.
Clay or ceramic tiles, like slate, are heavy and durable, with roofs lasting 100 years or more. However, such a heavy roof requires reinforcement to support all the weight, meaning installation will likely be pricey. Clay and concrete tile roofs cost about $300 to $500 per hundred square feet.
But keep in mind that they are virtually maintenance free. If you plan to live in your house for the rest of your life, a ceramic tile roof might make sense.
Consider installation and maintenance costs as you weigh your roofing choices — and how long you plan to live in your home. According to Remodeling magazine’s annual “Cost vs. Value” report, a new composite roof averages just less than $19,000 and has a 65 percent return on investment.
Composite roofing is a natural choice for most homeowners: It’s long-lasting and cost effective, and as a result, it makes up more than 90 percent of the market.
Composite roofing is available in many colors, and most products are covered under warranty for 20 years. And some roofing products are covered for as long as 30 years, further increasing their attractiveness.
Remodeling magazine’s annual “Cost vs. Value” report estimates the average cost of roof replacement with composite fiberglass asphalt shingles to be just under $19,000; That estimate includes a 25-year warranty and 30 squares of 235-pound shingles with new underlayment, galvanized drip edge and mill-finish aluminum flashing, as well as custom flashing for two skylights.
Not All Composite Roofing Products Are Equal
Composite shingles are well suited for a variety of roof pitches and are easy to install yourself. They work well with most any flashing and edging products and don’t require special accessories for roof edges, chimneys or vents.
However, be sure to shop around before you buy. Each product has its pluses and minuses. Some composite shingles are sturdier than others, but are also heavier to lug around; others are lighter and carry a better fire rating, but don’t perform as well in cold weather.
Compare warranties, too. While a warranty might have a long lifespan, that doesn’t mean the shingles themselves won’t fail long before the warranty expires. Conduct online searches to determine whether the products you’re considering have been the target of homeowner complaints or dissatisfaction.
Looking for roofing leads and additional roofer advertising? As we all know, now is the season to shake the rust off and rebuild your roofing advertising and roof lead generation structure. Now, more than ever, roofers are turning to the internet as the #1 roofing lead source.
The number of internet users is growing by significant margins each year. What was the biggest source for roofers to find leads on repair and replacement roof jobs last year, is going to be EVEN BIGGER this year.
The roofing companies that have had a roofing internet lead generation structure in place for the past couple of years are in great shape for whats to come. If you still rely on the old roof contractor advertising methods like direct mail and print ads, get on board with online roofing lead generation. Over the next 4-10 users, you’ll be happy you learned the ropes now, so that you are more streamlined then.